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Information for Contributors/Instructions for Authors /Preparation of  Manuscripts

Manuscripts should be prepared using double-spacing throughout, including the title page, abstract, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, and legends for illustrations. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page.
Manuscripts must be accompanied with a covering letter. This must include: (a) information on prior or duplicate publication or submission of any part of the work elsewhere; (b) a statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors (separate emails of approval must be submitted); (c) the name, address, telephone, fax number, and email address of the first author and also the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs.

Title page
The title page should carry: (a) the title of the article, which should be concise but informative; (b) a short running head or footline of no more than 40 characters placed at the foot of the title page; (c) first name, middle initial, and last name of each author, with highest academic degree(s), and institutional affiliation; (d) name of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed; (e) disclaimers, if any; (f) sources of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these; (g) name and address of the corresponding author responsible for correspondence; (h) name and address of the author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed or statement that reprints are not available from the author(s).

Abstract and key words
The abstract of no more than 350 words should state the purposes of the study or investigation; basic procedures (selection of study subjects; observational and analytical methods); main findings (give specific data and their statistical significance, if possible); and the principal conclusions. Emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations. Use only approved abbreviations.
Below the abstract, provide and identify as such 3 to 5 key words or short phrases that will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and may be published with the abstract. Key words or short phrases should be sufficient to describe the content of the text. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of the Index Medicus, published by the U.S. National Library of Madicine (NLM), USA; if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available for recently-introduced terms, present terms may be used.

Text
The text should be divided into sections with the following headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion.

Introduction: The purpose(s) of the study should be clearly stated. Summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give strictly pertinent references only, and do not review the subject extensively. Do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

Materials and methods: Describe your selection of the observational subjects clearly. Identify the methods, apparatus (names and addresses of manufacturers in parenthesis), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known; describe new or substantially-modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations.

Ethics: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the committee on human experimentation of the institution in which the experiments were done or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration. Do not use names of patients, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in any illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animal subjects, indicate whether the institution’s or the national research council’s guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Statistics: Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence interval). Avoid sole reliance on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of p value, which fails to convey important quantitative information. References for study design and statistical methods should be made to standard works (with pages stated) when possible rather than to papers where designs or methods were originally reported. Specify any general computer programmes used.
Include general descriptions of methods in the Materials and Methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used for analyzing them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument and to assess its support. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as ‘random’ (which implies a randomizing device), ‘normal’, ‘significant’, ‘correlations’, and ‘sample’. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols used.

Results: Present results of your study in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all data in the tables or illustrations, or both: emphasize or summarize only important observations.The tables and illustrations should be limited to 5.

Discussion: Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and conclusions that follow from them. Highlight the important/major findings first, then highlight the less-important findings. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction section or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by your data. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.

Acknowledgements: One or more statement(s) should specify: (a) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chairman; (b) acknowledgements of technical help; (c) acknowledgements of financial and material support, specifying the nature of support; (d) financial or other relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.
Persons who have contributed intellectually to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described. Such persons must have given their permission to be named. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from persons acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions.
Technical help should be acknowledged in a paragraph separate from those acknowledging other contributions.

References: Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in text, tables, or legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the U.S. National Library of Medicine in the PubMed/Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the Index Medicus/ PubMed. Consult the List of Journals Indexed in the Index Medicus/PubMed. Try to avoid using abstracts as references; ‘unpublished observations’ and ‘personal communications’ must not be used as references, although references to written, not oral, communications may be inserted (in parenthesis) in the text. Include among the references papers accepted but not yet published, designate the journal, mention the year, and add ‘in press’ (in parenthesis).
The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. Examples of correct forms of some references are given here.


Examples of correct forms of references

  Journal article
Nanthamongkolchai S, Munsawaengsub C, Nanthamongkolchai C.  Influence of child rearing by grandparent on the development of children aged six to twelve years. J Med Assoc Thai 2009; 92 : 430-4.

Book
Romans GJ. Cunningham’s textbook of anatomy. 12th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Chapter in the book
Speroff L, Glass RH, Kase NG. Menopause and postmenopausal hormone therapy. In: Speroff L, Glass RH, Kase NG, eds. Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. 5th ed. Baltimore: Williams& Wilkins, 1994: 583-650.
Bradley C. Measuring quality of life in diabetes. In: Marshall SM, Home PD, Rizza RA, eds. The Diabetes Annual 10. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 1996: 207-24.

Agency publication
American Heart Association. 2000 Heart and stroke statistical update. Dallas: American Heart Association, 1999.

Conference proceedings
Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In: Gammage RB, Kaye SV, eds. Indoor air and human health. Proceedings of the 7th Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville (TN). Chelsea (MI): Lewis; 1985, 69-78.

Thesis
Meerod C.  Effect of training program to enhance child development to knowledge, practice of mothers with children aged one to three years old. [M.S. Thesis in Family Health]. Bangkok: Faculty of Graduate studies Mahidol University, 2007.

Website
Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [Online] 1995;1(1): [24 screens]. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/ EID/eid.htm, accessed Jun 5,1996.
CJD Surveillance Unit. CJD statistics. Available at http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/ figures.htm, accessed Nov 19, 2000.

Patent
Buchanan RA. Extraction of rubber or rubberlike substances from fibrous plant materials. US Patent 4,136,131.  Jan 23, 1979.


Tables
Type each table double spaced on a separate sheet. Do not submit tables as photographs. Number tables consecutively and use a brief title for each. Mention in each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table. For footnotes, use these symbols in this sequence: *, ?, ?, , , **, ??, ??, etc. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation (SD) and standard error of mean (SEM). Internal vertical rules should not be used. Cite each table in the text in consecutive order. If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission, acknowledge fully, and submit permission obtained.


Illustrations and legends for illustrations

Illustrations
Figures should be professionally drawn. Letters, numbers, and symbols should be clear and even throughout. Titles and detailed explanations should belong in the legends for illustrations, not on the illustrations themselves.
Photomicrographs may have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast with the background.
If photographs of persons are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photographs.
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a figure or a table has been published, acknowledge the original source, and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the materials. Permission is required, regardless of authorship or ownership by virtue of being the publisher, except for documents in the public domain. Colour photographs are not encouraged. But, if necessary, colour photographs can be reproduced if paid by the author.



Legends for illustrations

Type legends for illustrations double-spaced, with arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used for identifying parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale, and identify method of staining in photomicrographs.

Units of measurements
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (metre, kilogramme, litre) or their decimal multiples. Temperature should be given in degrees Celsius (e.g. 37 ?C). Editors may request that alternative or non-SI units be added by the authors before publication.

Abbreviations and symbols

Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
For further information, authors are referred to: “Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals” prepared by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. (http://www.icmje.org).

COPYRIGHT
Manuscripts submitted for publication in Asia Journal of Public Health must not have been previously submitted or published. Accepted papers become the permanent property of Asia Journal of Public Health. By submitting a manuscript, the authors(s) agree that copyrights for their articles are automatically transferred to Asia Journal of Public Health, if and when the articles are accepted for publication. 
The copyright gives the publisher of Asia Journal of Public Health the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microforms, or any other reproductions of similar nature, and translations.

GALLEY PROOFS
Uncorrected galley-proofs will be sent to the corresponding author as .pdf files for return preferably within 5days. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the accuracy of these proofs. Correction other than printing errors should be kept to a bare minimum. Rewriting is totally unacceptable.

REPRINTS

No free reprints will be supplied to the authors for their articles published in Asia Journal of Public Health. Each author of a particular article will get one copy of the Journal issue containing the article. All copies will, however, be sent to the corresponding author.
Reprints may be ordered at the time when corrected proofs are returned. The order form with ordering procedures and price list will be sent to the corresponding author with the galley-proof. Payment must be made upon receipt of an invoice from the publisher, if a cheque for correct amount is not sent when returning the galley.

ADVERTISEMENTS

Correspondence should be addressed to:
Editor in Chief
Asia Journal of Public Health
Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
420/1   Rajvithi Road, Rajchathewi
Bangkok , Thailand  10400
Fax: 662-354-8558
Email: editor@asiaph.org