ABSTRACT: Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to study the parenting styles of mother and factors affecting parenting styles of mother with preschool age children among single child family in Nakhon Si Thammarat province. Materials and Methods: The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires of the mother with single child during 18th May to the 30th June, 2011. The samples were 288 mothers with preschool age children among single child families who were studying in primary school, Nakhon Si Thammarat province. The sample group was selected by multi-stage random sampling. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Multiple Logistic Regression. Results: The study revealed that 68.4% of the mothers reared the children by democratic parenting style and 31.6% reared with mixed parenting styles. The factors that had a statistical significance (p < 0.05) affected the mother´s parenting style were family relationship and social support. The mother with good family relationship had 4 times higher chance of rearing children by democratic parenting style more than the mother with a poor family relationship. Mothers with high social support had 4.5 times higher chance of practicing democratic parenting style than the mother with low social support. Conclusion: Democratic parenting style was commonly practiced in the single child families of preschool age children. Family relationship and social support had an affected on parenting style. Mothers with good family relaltionship or received high social support were more practiced the democratic parenting style. The responsible organizations should promote the joint activities between parents, children and teachers to foster good relationships within the family and provide good social support.
*Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Thaksin University,
Phattalung Campus, Thailand
**Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand